About Disability

About Disability

disability is any condition that makes it more difficult for a person to do certain activities or interact with the world around them. These conditions, or impairments, may be cognitive, developmental, intellectual, physical , sensory or a combination of multiple factors. Impairments causing disability may be present from birth or occur during a person’s lifetime. The World Health Organization proposes the following definition of disabilities:

“Disabilities is an umbrella term, covering impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. An impairment is a problem in body function or structure; an activity limitation is a difficulty encountered by an individual in executing a task or action; while a participation restriction is a problem experienced by an individual in involvement in life situations. Disability is thus not just a health problem. It is a complex phenomenon, reflecting the interaction between features of a person’s body and features of the society in which he or she lives.”— World Health Organization.

Types of Disabilities:

As per RPwD Act 2016 of Government of India the types of disabilities have been increased from 7 to 21 types.

Types of Disabilities

  1. Blindness
  2. Low Vision
  3. Leprosoy Cured persons
  4. Locomotor Disability
  5. Dwarfism
  6. Intellectual Disability
  7. Mental Illness
  8. Cerebral Palsy
  9. Specific Learning Disabilities
  10. Speech and Language disability
  11. Hearing Impairment ( Deaf and Hard of Hearing)
  12. Muscular Dystrophy
  13. Acid Attack Victim
  14. Parkinson’s disease
  15. Multiple Sclerosis
  16. Thalassemia
  17. Hemophilia
  18. Sickle Cell disease
  19. Autism Spectrum Disorder
  20. Chronic Neurological conditions
  21. Multiple Disabilities including Deaf Blindness

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Disability https://enabled.in/wp/types-disabilities-rpwds-bill-2016/

Share this post

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Font Resize